Recommended Plants

Native plants with the best aesthetic attributes worthy of extensive landscape use. Straight species and named ‘cultivars’ are recommended.
Large Trees:

  • Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’ ‘Armstrong’ (Red Maple)
  • Acer saccharum ‘Legacy’ ‘Green Mountain’ (Sugar Maple)
  • Carya ovata (Shagbark Hickory)
  • Fagus grandifolia (American Beech)
  • Fraxinus americana (White Ash)
  • Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Green Ash)
  • Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Slender Silhouette’ (American Sweetgum)
  • Lirodendron tulipifera (Tulip Tree)
  • Nyssa sylvatica ‘Wildfire’ (Black Gum)
  • Pinus strobus (White Pine)
  • Platanus occidentalis (American Sycamore)
  • Quercus alba (White Oak)
  • Quercus bicolor (Swamp White Oak)
  • Quercus coccinea (Scarlet Oak)
  • Quercus montana (Chestnut Oak)
  • Quercus palustris ‘Pacific Brilliance’ (Pin Oak)
  • Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)
  • Quercus rubra (Red Oak)
  • Ulmus americana ‘Princeton’ ‘Valley Forge’ (American Elm)

Small Trees:

  • Acer pensylvanicum (Striped Maple)
  • Amelanchier arborea ‘Autumn Brilliance’ (Serviceberry)
  • Asiminia triloba (Pawpaw)
  • Betula nigra ‘Dura Heat’ (River Birch)
  • Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam)
  • Cercis Canadensis ‘Forest Pansy’ ‘Covey’ (Eastern Redbud)
  • Cornus alternifolia (Pagoda Dogwood)
  • Cornus florida ‘Cherokee Chief’ ‘Cherokee Princess’ (Flowering Dogwood)
  • Franklinia alatamaha (Franklin Tree)
  • Halesia diptera var. magniflora (Large Flowered 2 Winged Silverbell)
  • Ilex opaca ‘Satyr Hill’ (American Holly)
  • Juniperus virginiana ‘Blue Arrow’ ‘Brodie’ ‘Taylor’ (Eastern Red Cedar)
  • Magnolia grandiflora ‘Brackens Beauty’ ‘Little Gem’ (Southern Magnolia)
  • Magnolia virginiana ‘Moon Glow’ (Sweet Bay Magnolia)
  • Osytrya virginiana (American Hop Hornbeam or Ironwood)
  • Oxydendrum arboretum (Sourwood)
  • Prunus virginiana ‘Canada Red’ (Canada Red Cherry)
  • Salix discolor (Pussy Willow)
  • Sassafras albidum (Sassafras)
  • Tsuga Canadensis (Canadian Hemlock)

 Shrubs:

  • Aesculus pavia (Red Buckeye)
  • Aesculus paviflora (Bottle Brush Buckeye)
  • Aronia arbutifolia‘Brilliantissima’ (Chokeberry)
  • Aronia melanocarpa (Black Chokeberry)
  • Calycanthus floridus ‘Michael Lindsey’ ‘Athens’ (Eastern Sweetshrub or Carolina Allspice)
  • Ceoanthus americanus (New Jersey Tea)
  • Cephaloanthus occidentalis (Buttonbush)
  • Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’ ‘Ruby Spice’ (Summersweet or Sweet Pepperbush)
  • Cornus racemosa (Gray Dogwood)
  • Cornus sericea ‘Budds Yellow’ ‘Artic Fire’ (Red Twig Dogwood)
  • Fothergilla gardenii ‘Mt Airy Fothergilla’ (Dwarf Fothergilla)
  • Fothergilla major (Large Fothergilla)
  • Fothergilla x ‘Blue Shadow’ (Blue Shadow Fothergilla)
  • Gaultheria procumbens (Wintergreen)
  • Gaylussacia baccata (Black Huckleberry)
  • Hamamelis virginiana (Common Witch Hazel)
  • Hydrangea arborescens ‘Annabelle’ (Smooth Hyrdrangea)
  • Hydrangea quercifola ‘Ruby Slippers’ ‘Alice’ ‘Pee Wee’ (Oakleaf Hydrangea)
  • Hypericum frondusom ‘Sunburst’ (St. John’s Wort)
  • Ilex glabra ‘Shamrock’ ‘Nordic (only male cultivar common in commerce)’ (Inkberry Holly)
  • Ilex verticillata Winterberry ‘Red Sprite’ ‘Winterred’ ‘Berry Heavy Gold’ (Winterberry)
  • Itea virginica ‘Henry’s Garnet’ ‘Little Henry’ ‘Merlot’ (Virginia Sweetspire)
  • Juniperus virgininiana ‘Grey Owl’ ‘Blue Mountain’ Shrub/Sprawling forms of (Eastern Red Cedar)
  • Juniperus horizontalis ‘Bar Harbor’ ‘Blue Chip’ ‘Plumosa’ ‘Wiltonii’ (Creeping Juniper)
  • Kalmia latifolia ‘Olympic Fire’ (Mountain Laurel)
  • Leucothoe axillaris (Coast Leucothoe)
  • Leucothoe fontanesiana ‘Girards Rainbow’ ‘Nana’ ‘Rollisoni’ ‘White Water’ (Drooping Leucothoe)
  • Lindera benzoin (Spice Bush)
  • Myrica pennsylvanica ‘Bobzam’ (Northern Bayberry)
  • Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Summerwine’ ‘Lemon Candy’ ‘Little Devil’ ‘Tiny Wine’ (Ninebark)
  • Rhododendron arborescens (Sweet Azalea)
  • Rhododendron atlanticum (Coast Azalea)
  • Rhododendron austrinum (Florida Flame Azalea)
  • Rhododendron calendaceum (Flame Azalea)
  • Rhododendron cumberlandense (Cumberland Azalea)
  • Rhododendron pericylmeniodes (Pinxterbloom Azalea)
  • Rhododendron prunifolium (Plumleaf Azalea)
  • Rhododendron viscosum (Swamp Azalea)
  • Rhus aromatica ‘Gro Low’ (Fragrant Sumac)
  • Vaccinium angustifolium ‘Burgundy’ (Lowbush Blueberry)
  • Vaccinium corymbosum ‘Bountiful Blue’ ‘Peach Sorbet’ (Highbush Blueberry)
  • Viburnum dentatum ‘Blue Muffin’ ‘Chicago Lustre’ (Arrowwood Viburnum)
  • Viburnum nudum ‘Winterthur’ ‘Brandywine’ (Possumhaw Viburnum)

Vines:

  • Aristolochia macrophylla (Pipevine)
  • Bigonia capreolata ‘Tangerine Beauty’ ‘Dragon Lady’ (Crossvine)
  • Campsis radicans ‘Judy’ ‘Tifton’ ‘Gabor’ ‘Minnesota Red’ ‘Flava’ (Trumpetcreeper)
  • Clematis virginiana (Virgin’s Bower)
  • Gelsemium sempervirens ‘Margarita’ Carolina (Yellow Jasmine)
  • Ipomea hederifolia (Scarlet Morning Glory)
  • Lonicera sempervirens ‘John Clayton’ ‘Magnifica’ ‘Major Wheeler’ (Trumpet Honeysuckle)
  • Parthenocissus quinquefolia ‘truki’ (Virginia Creeper)
  • Wisteria frutescens ‘Amethyst Falls’ (American Wisteria)
  • Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon’ (Kentucky Wisteria)

 Perennial Ground Cover: Foliage and if applicable flowers less than 12” tall

  • Asarum arifolium (Arrow-leaf Wild Ginger)
  • Asarum canadense (Wild Ginger)
  • Caltha palustris (Marsh Marigold)
  • Chrysogonum virginaanum ‘Allen Bush’ ‘Superstar’ (Green & Gold)
  • Geum fragarioides (Appalachian Barren Strawberry)
  • Iris cristata ‘Eco Bluebird’ ‘Powder Blue Giant’ ‘Tennessee White’ (Dwarf Crested Iris)
  • Meehania cordata (Creeping Mint)
  • Mitchella repens (Partridge Berry)
  • Pachysandra procumbens (Allegheny spurge)
  • Phlox stolonifera ‘Blue Ridge’ ‘Home Fires’ ‘Sherwood Purple’ (Creeping Phlox)
  • Sedum ternatum ‘Larineum Park’ (Stonecrop)
  • Tiarella cordifolia ‘Brandywine’ ‘Running Tapestry’ ‘var. collina Oakleaf’ (Foam Flower)
  • Viola labradorica (Labrador Violet)
  • Viola walteri ‘Silver Gem’ (Prostrate Blue Violet)

Sedges:

  • Carex appalachica (Appalachian Sedge)
  • Carex flacca ‘Blue Zinger’ (Glaucous Sedge)
  • Carex flaccosperma ‘Blue Zinger’ (Blue Wood Sedge)
  • Carex pensylvanica (Oak Sedge)
  • Carex platyphylla (Silver Sedge)

Perennials:

  • Actaea pachypoda ‘Misty Blue’ (White Baneberry)
  • Agastache foeniculum ‘Black Adder’ ‘Blue Boa’ ‘Golden Jubilee’ Purple Haze’ (Anise Hyssop)
  • Allium cernuum (Nodding Onion)
  • Aquilegia candensis ‘Little Lantern’ ‘Corbett’ (Canadian Columbine)
  • Amsonia hubrichtii (Threadleaf Bluestar)
  • Amsonia tavernaemontana var. salicfola (Eastern Bluestar)
  • Aruncus dioicus (Goat’s Beard)
  • Asclepsias incarnata (Swamp Milkweed)
  • Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed)
  • Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly Weed ‘Hello Yellow’
  • Asclepias verticillata (Whorled Milkweed)
  • Aster cordifolius ‘Woods Blue’ ‘Avondale’ (Blue Wood Aster
  • Aster divaricatus ‘Eastern Star’ (White Wood Aster)
  • Aster laevis ‘Bluebird’ (Smooth Aster)
  • Aster lateriflorus ‘Lady in Black’ (Calico Aster)
  • Aster novae-angliae ‘Purple Dome’ ‘Vibrant Dome’ (New England Aster)
  • Baptisia australis ‘Midnight’ ‘Purple Smoke’ ‘Solar Flare’ ‘Starlite’ ‘Twilite’ (Indigo)
  • Baptisia sphaerocarpa ‘Screaming Yellow’ ‘Carolina Moonlight’ (Indigo)
  • Chelone glabra (Turtlehead)
  • Chelone lyonii ‘Hot Lips’ (Turtlehead)
  • Chelone obliqua ‘Tiny Tortuga’ (Turtlehead)
  • Coreopsis ‘Sienna Sunset’ ‘Route 66’ ‘Red Satin’ (Threadleaf)
  • Coreopsis verticillata ‘Zagreb’ (Whorled Tickseed)
  • Dicentra eximia (Wild Bleeding Heart)
  • Echinacea paradoxa (Yellow Coneflower)
  • Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)
  • Eupatorium dubium ‘Little Joe’ (Joe Pye Weed)
  • Eupatorium maculatum ‘Gateway’ (Joe Pye Weed)
  • Eupatorium fisulosum ‘Bartered Bride’ (Joe Pye Weed)
  • Eupatorium rugosum ‘Chocolate’ (Snakeroot)
  • Gentiana adrewsii (Bottle Gentian)
  • Geranium maculatum ‘Expresso’ ‘Elizabeth Ann’ (Wild Geranium)
  • Helenium autumnale (Sneezeweed)
  • Helenium flexuosum ‘Tiny Dancer’ (Sneezeweed)
  • Helianthus divaricatus (Woodland Sunflower)
  • Helianthus maximilani (Maximilian Sunflower)
  • Heliopsis helanthodes ‘Summer Nights’ (Smooth Oxeye)
  • Heuchera americana Dale’s Strain’ (American Alumroot)
  • Heuchera macrorhiza ‘Autumn Bride’ (Alumroot)
  • Heuchera villosa ‘Caramel’ (Hairy Alumrood)
  • Heuchera villosa f. purpurea ‘Bronze Wave’ (Hariy Alumroot)
  • Hibiscus moscuetos ‘Midnight Marvel’ Rose Mallow
  • Hibiscus moscuetos var. incanus (Hairy Large Flowered Mallow)
  • Iris versicolor (Blueflag)
  • Liatris spicata ‘Kobold’ (Spike Gayfeather)
  • Lilium superbum (Turks Cap Lily)
  • Lobelia cardinalis ‘Black Truffle’ (Cardinal Flower)
  • Lobelia siphilitica (Great Blue Lobelia)
  • Monarda bradburiana (Eastern Beebalm)
  • Monarda didyma “Jacob Cline” “Raspberry Wine” “Blue Stocking” (Beebalm)
  • Monarda fistulosa (Beebalm)
  • Oenothera fruticosa ‘Fireworks’ (Sundrops)
  • Packera aurea (Golden Ragwort)
  • Parthenium integritfolium (Wild Quince)
  • Penstemon digitalis ‘Husker Red’ (Beardtongue)
  • Penstemon smalli (Smalls Penestemon)
  • Phlox divaricata ‘Blue Moon’ ‘May Breeze’ (Woodland Phlox)
  • Phlox maculata ‘Flower Power’ ‘Blue Paradise’ ’David’ ‘David’s Lavender’ (Garden Phlox)
  • Physostegia virginiana ‘Miss Manners’ ‘Pink Manners’ ‘Vivid’ (Obedient Plant)
  • Polemonium reptans ‘Stairway to Heaven’ (Jacob’s Ladder)
  • Pycnanthemum muticum (Short-toothed Mountain Mint)
  • Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Narrowleaf Mountain Mint)
  • Ratibida columnifera ‘Red Midget’ (Prairie Coneflower)
  • Rudbeckia fulgida ‘Goldsturm’ ‘var. fulgida’ ‘var. sullivantii’ (Black-eyed Susan)
  • Rudbeckia triloga (Three-lobed coneflower or brown-eyed Susan)
  • Ruella humilis (Wild Petunia)
  • Salvia lyrata ‘Purple Knockout’ (Lyre-leaf Sage)
  • Silene regia ‘Prairie Fire’ (Royal Catchfly)
  • Silene virginiana (Fire Pink)
  • Solidago caesia (Bluestem Goldenrod)
  • Solidago flexicaulis (Zigzag Goldenrod)
  • Solidago rugosa ‘Fireworks’ (Wrinkleleaf Goldenrod)
  • Solidago sphacelata ‘Golden Fleece’ (Autumn Goldenrod)
  • Solidago ‘Solar Cascade’ (Goldenrod)
  • Spigela marilandica (Indian Pink)
  • Vernonia noveboracensis (New York Ironweed)
  • Veronicastrum virginicum ‘Lavender Towers’ (Culver’s Root)
  • Zizia aurea (Golden Alexanders)

Grasses:

  • Andropogon gerardii ‘Red October’ (Big Bluestem)
  • Andropogon virginicus (Broom Sedge)
  • Bouteloua gracilis ‘Blonde Ambition’ (Blue Grama)
  • Panicum virgatum ‘Northwind’ ‘Shenandoah’ (Switchgrass)
  • Schizachyrium scparium ‘Standing Ovation’ (Little Bluestem)

Annuals:

  • Malvaviscus arboreus var drummondii (Turk’ Cap)
  • Salvia coccinea ‘Lady in Red’ ‘Forest Fire’ ‘Red Jewel’ Pink Jewel’ (Blood Sage)
  • Verbena ‘Homestead Purple’ (Verbena)

Spring Ephermerals (Spring flowering plants whose foliage disappear by early summer)

  • Mertensia virginica (Virginia Bluebells)
  • Podophyllum peltatum (Mayapple)
  • Sanguinaria Canadensis (Bloodroot)
  • Trillium cuneatum (Little Sweet Betsy Trillium)
  • Trillium grandiflorum (Great White Trillium)
  • Trillium luteum (Yellow Trillium)

Ferns:

  • Adianthum pedatum (Northern Maidenhair)
  • Althyrium angustum forma rubellum ‘Lady in Red’ (Lady Fern)
  • Matteuccia struthiopteris (Ostrich Fern)
  • Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon Fern)